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The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of ASPA as an organization.
By Susanne Force
August 7, 2015
Today’s workplace is changing. As society is aging, workers’ skill sets must keep pace with employer expectations and consumer demands. The “baby boomer” generation, those individuals born between 1946 and 1964, makes up a substantial portion of the U.S. population and has a significant impact on the economy. As more of them retire and leave the workforce, serious deficits in the labor supply are occurring especially for jobs requiring specific technical and applied skill sets.
By 2017, more than 2.5 million good paying, “blue-collar” jobs will account for 40 percent of all job growth in the United States, according to USA Today. These jobs include:
“The global competition doesn’t keep me up at night,” says Erick Ajax, co-owner of a precision manufacturing company near Minneapolis, Minnesota. “I know we can go toe-to-toe with any company in the world. But having people that have the right kind of skill set…that wakes me up at 3 o’clock in the morning.”
In recent years, educators and politicians have emphasized sending high school students to a four-year college rather than a vocational school or technical college. In 1984, the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Act was first authorized (and then reauthorized in 1998) as a federal law that provides funds for career and technical education (CTE). However, the act focuses too much on post-high school occupational training and not enough on introducing skilled trades to students in their last two years of high school.
In some measure, society has focused on getting all young people into four-year colleges. Jobs that do not require a four-year college degree have been undervalued; “blue collar” jobs are not where you are going to find the “big bucks.” This sends a wrong message to students: by not attending a four-year college, they will have unfulfilling careers. The reality is that many students just aren’t interested in college. They would rather work with their hands.
We must address these educational challenges in order to prepare for the future workforce deficit. School districts must develop effective school leaders and staff that will integrate curricula with academic and technical skills, build strong support systems in the community and implement federal and state policies that will address a new approach to school reform. This article focuses on community support through the partnerships between businesses and school districts in developing school-to-work programs for high school students.
It begins with district school boards and executive administrators working with company CEO’s, human resource departments and line managers strategically developing and implementing apprenticeship programs through:
Employers using unpaid interns are well advised to review and update their internship programs and policies to comply with federal and state standards. To avoid liability, employers can protect themselves by clearly understanding what classifies an employee as an unpaid intern by the U.S. Department of Labor’s guidelines. Employers can get into trouble when they view unpaid internships as a way to accomplish work tasks rather than as educational programs aimed at assisting students.
High school apprenticeship programs not only prepare students for the workforce by gaining experience in an applied or technical work skill, they also provide students with employability skills such as attendance, communication, initiative, teamwork, reliability, flexibility and workplace standards. Meeting the future challenge of a growing deficit in the U.S. labor supply for technical and applied skill sets will require the collaborative support and effort of legislation, educators, businesses and the community.
Author: D. Susanne Force is currently an HR specialist in employee and government relations for a public school district. She is a second year graduate student in the MHR program at Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida and holds a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Central Florida in behavioral/social science and public administration. Email contact: [email protected]