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Facing a Data Gap in Decision Making, Local Governments Look To Cross-Sector Partners

The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of ASPA as an organization.

By The Intersector Project
March 22, 2016

Earlier this month, Bloomberg Philanthropies released a study for What Works Cities (WWC) highlighting a data gap in City Hall decision making. Based on analysis from 39 cities and supported by survey responses from 115 cities, the study found that while 70 percent of cities are committed to using data and evidence to make decisions about city programs, only 28 percent are actually using data and evaluations to change and adapt existing programs. WWC reports that cities recognize the role data can play in smart decision making across issue areas, from economic development to public safety to social services, but they need help in implementation. “Cities are telling us that they need tools and expertise to close the gap between their intention to use data in decision making and their actual capacity to do so,” details the report.

original_GovDataLaunched in April 2015, Bloomberg’s WWC is one of several programs emerging across the country that aims to do just that — help U.S. cities make better use of data and evidence. The initiative focuses on midsized American cities (those with populations between 100,000 and 1,000,000), with the ultimate goal of helping 100 cities better serve their residents and create government that is more effective. Last week, Bloomberg Philanthropies announced the addition of six new cities to the program: Boston, Massachusetts; Charlotte, North Carolina; Little Rock, Arkansas; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Raleigh, North Carolina and Victorville, California. This brings the total number of city partners to 27. A range of organizations, including Results for America, the Center for Government Excellence at Johns Hopkins University, the Government Performance Lab at Harvard Kennedy School and the Sunlight Foundation, provide support to these cities.

The Metrolab Network is another cross-sector initiative working to bridge this data gap in cities across the United States, specifically through city-university partnerships. In his Govtech article, “Do universities, research institutions hold the key to open data’s next chapter?” Ben Miller writes,

“Government produces a lot of data — reams of it, roomfuls of it, rivers of it. … A governing entity might have robust data collection and it might have an open data policy, but that doesn’t mean it has the computing power, expertise, or human capital to turn those efforts into value.”

The Metrolab Network is a White House initiative that aims to simultaneously leverage the strengths of the public sector (the raw data it holds) and the academic sector (its knowledge and expertise in analytics) to produce better government outcomes. While it may seem that the partnership mostly benefits the city, the collaboration is more nuanced than that. “Researchers are not familiar with the challenges that a city has, from the point of view of an official making [a] decision,” said Carlo Ratti, Director of the SENSEable City Lab at MIT, in Govtech. “They may be users of cities as individuals, but what cities offer in terms of a partnership is a glimpse into the complexities of the challenges they’re facing.” See more about the Metrolab Network in our blog posts about the initiative and one early success story in Houston.

The Opportunity Project, launched just last week, is a White House open data effort to improve economic mobility for all Americans, building upon the president’s call for harnessing technology and innovation to tackle our country’s greatest problems. According to a press release, the Opportunity Project will “put data and tools in the hands of civic leaders, community organizations, and families to help them navigate information about critical resources such as access to jobs, housing, transportation, schools and other neighborhood amenities.” One part of the project is the launch of a platform that provides easy, interactive access to the Opportunity Project’s digital tools, inviting software developers, data users, community leaders and local governments to “learn, connect, and build as part of a larger community of practice.” Nonprofits and businesses also helped develop tools using government data that aim to help citizens with social mobility. View 12 of these digital tools in City Lab.

Cities are increasingly recognizing the power that data holds to shape their decision making, but they often lack the capacity to translate data into effective policies. By working with other sectors — businesses, philanthropies, nonprofits and academic institutions — the public sector can leverage the resources and expertise of others and build capacity in these areas, with the goal of greater data-based decision making.

Author: The Intersector Project is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing cross-sector collaboration as a way to address society’s pressing issues. We work to provide practitioners in every sector with the tools they need to implement collaborative solutions to complex problems. 

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